Panflute | Urun - Paixiao XE
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Ürün / Paixiao XE

The paixiao (排箫) is an ancient Chinese wind instrument, a form of pan pipes. It is no longer used, having died out in ancient times, although in the 20th century it was reconstructed. A major difference between the Chinese Paixiao and the panpipes used in European and South American traditions is that at the top of the Chinese instrument the pipe holes are each cut angled or with notches. This allows Chinese paixiao to be fully chromatic without loss in timbre, even though the included pipes are tuned diatonically.

Although 16 pipes have become the standard, other groupings (from 13 to 24) have been made. Before the Tang dynasty (ad 618–907) the panpipe was called xiao, a name that from that time forward was applied to a single-tube end-blown flute.

The arrangement of the pipes formed a shape that was described by ancient writers as resembling the wings of the mythical fenghuang, the Phoenix.

Single-winged paixiao appear to have been the most common among the early examples, and the double-wing shape (with the pipes lengthening toward the two ends) predominated later. There also exist paixiao made up of pipes that are all of about the same length; wax is positioned inside the pipes to adjust pitch.

The earliest complete paixiao was a stone single-wing model with 13 pipes, 3 to 15 cm (1.2 to 5.8 inches) long, from a tomb in Henan province dated about 552 bc. Two bamboo panpipes with 13 pipes in single-wing shape, ranging from 5.1 to 22.5 cm (2 to 8.8 inches) in length.

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